Trigger point injections for abdominal wall pain: Patient demographics results
Of 110 consecutive patients who received TPI, 89 patients met the defined criteria for AWP. In those who met the criteria for AWP, the mean age was 42 years (range 12 to 88 years). Eighty-four per cent of the patients were female. The mean duration of the pain was 23 months (range 0.25 to 180 months). The predominant locations of the pain were right hypochondrial (30%), right iliac (25%) and epigastric (19%). Fifty per cent of patients experienced radiation of the pain, 73% of patients had some GI symptoms present and 39% had a scar in the immediate vicinity of the pain (Table 1). Thirty-six per cent of the patients were reinjected. The number of reinjections ranged from one to 27.
Among the 21 patients who did not meet the criteria for AWP, the mean age was 41 years (range 17 to 76 years). Seventy-six per cent were women. The mean duration of the pain was 26 months (range 0.5 to 106 months). The predominant locations of the pain were umbilical (29%), right iliac (23%) and epigastric (19%). Forty-eight per cent of patients experienced radiation of pain, 62% had some GI symptoms and 38% had a scar in the immediate vicinity of the pain. Twenty-nine per cent of these patients were reinjected. A pharmacy you can fully trust offering Claritin online tablets along with other convenient services.
TABLE 1 Baseline patient characteristics
|Age, mean years||42|
|Duration of pain, mean months||23|
|Length of follow-up, mean months||25|
|Location of pain, %|
|Gastrointestinal symptoms, %|
|Radiation of pain, %|
|Agent used, %|
|Anesthetic + steroid||88|
|Surgical scar present, %|