A number of treatments for AWP have been suggested. These include analgesics, topical anesthetic creams, massage, physical therapy, stretching and dry needling. One of the more widely studied treatments consists of TPI into the most tender spot. There have been a number of case reports and studies looking at short-term relief but there are very few studies that have looked at long-term outcome from these injections. The majority of the studies show rates of long-term relief in the 70% to 80% range. ventolin inhalers
For example, Bourne (81% complete or partial relief), Gallegos and Hobsley (80% complete or partial relief) and Greenbaum et al (78% having greater than 50% relief) all reported similar rates of relief. However, there are some studies that have not fared as well. For instance, McGarrity et al reported that only 35% of their patients experienced long-term relief. In our study, we achieved excellent response rates from TPI both in terms of short- (89% complete or partial relief) and long-term (77% complete or partial relief) outcome.
Category: Abdominal wall pain
Tags: Abdominal wall pain, Carnett sign, Trigger point injection