Unfortunately, most of the previously mentioned information is of little value to the bronchoscopist who is examining a new patient. As a matter of fact, the bronchoscopist has no knowledge of what the pathologic diagnosis will be; and he is faced, at best, with recognizable endoscopic signs of malignancy; so he needs to know, above all, what the diagnosis could be, what is the histotype, and what is the diagnostic potential for that given bronchoscopic finding. Accordingly, we thought it important to examine the relationship existing between visible aspects and the other diagnostic elements of the bronchoscopic examination. In this study, we reviewed seven years of experience and 1,045 bronchoscopically examined cases of lung cancer, laying particular emphasis on endoscopic morphology, pathologic classification, and diagnostic accuracy. buy cipro
Materials and Methods
The patients of this series were selected from 3,292 who underwent fiberoptic bronchoscopy in the years from 1983 to 1989 at the Bronchology Service of the A. Carle Hospital. Examinations were carried out at the request of physicians of the medical units of both the A. Carle Hospital and the surrounding hospitals. Nearly all patients were referred because of abnormal chest x-ray findings or hemoptysis with normal roentgenograms.